Algorithm Tips

Find tips for stories on algorithms

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This is a growing list of potentially newsworthy algorithms used by the U.S. government. As more decisions are influenced by algorithms, more algorithmic accountability may be needed. But where to start? Here, you can find algorithms warranting a closer look. Read about our criteria and sources.

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Search for interesting algorithms using keywords relating to facets such as agency (e.g., Dept. of Justice) or topic (e.g., health, police, etc.). Then, on our resources page, learn how to submit FOIA requests about algorithms, or find news articles and research papers about the uses and risks of algorithms.

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Name
Description
Why is it important
Topic
Jurisdiction
Government level
Agency
Proprietary
Creator/author/vendor
Date
Adoption Stage
Computational
Link
SOLUTIONS® wound care algorithmFederally-supported guideline to facilitate health care professionals' decision making by providing "management and evaluation strategies for acute and chronic wound care"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesConvaTecSeptember 2013Endorsement for useYeshttps://guideline.gov/summaries/summary/47857
Interim Guidelines for Pregnant Women During a Zika Virus Outbreak"Testing algorithm for a pregnant woman with history of travel to an area with Zika virus transmission, with or without clinical illness consistent with Zika virus disease"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptoms and spread of diseaseHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease ControlNoCenters for Disease ControlJanuary 2016Active use and endorsement for useNohttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6502e1.htm
Emergency Severity Index Version 4 Triage Algorithm"A five level emergency department (ED) triage algorithm that provides clinically relevant stratification of patients into five groups from least to most urgent based on acuity and, unique to ESI, resource needs"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesESI Triage Research Team, LLCNovember 2011Endorsement for useYeshttp://www.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/wysiwyg/professionals/systems/hospital/esi/esihandbk.pdf
Planned Readmission Algorithm "A set of criteria for classifying readmissions as planned or unplanned using Medicare claims." Used to determine Medicare payments for patients that have to return to the hospitalMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)YesYale New Haven Health Services Corporation Center for Outcomes Research & Evaluation (YNHHSC/CORE)March 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Patient-Assessment-Instruments/HospitalQualityInits/Measure-Methodology.html
CoCASA (Comprehensive Clinic Assessment Software Application)"A tool for assessing immunization coverage and practices within a provider clinic, or any other environment where immunizations are provided." "After immunization data is entered or imported into CoCASA, data analysis capabilities can be utilized for coverage assessment purposes providing a variety of different reports that can be utilized to pinpoint areas of strength and areas requiring improvement for an individual immunization provider."Used by healthcare providers to evaluate the overall treatment and immunization of their patients. Miscalculation could to the spread of an infectious diseaseHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease ControlNoCenters for Disease ControlEndorsement for useYeshttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/programs/cocasa/index.html
CNSA SuiteAccording to their documentation, "cryptographic algorithms are specified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and are used by NSA's Information Assurance Directorate (IAD) in solutions approved for protecting National Security Systems (NSS). They include cryptographic algorithms for encryption, key exchange, digital signature, and hashing."Mistakes can create negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalNational Institute of Standards and Technology and National Security AgencyNoNISTJanuary 2016Active useYeshttps://www.iad.gov/iad/library/ia-guidance/ia-solutions-for-classified/algorithm-guidance/index.cfm
WAste Reduction Algorithm (WAR)According to its own description, it "evaluates processes in terms of potential environmental impacts (PEI)", which are the effects that a chemical would have on the environment if it were released into the environment. Used by industry to determine how the emission of pollutants will affect the environmentErrors can lead to unexpected negative impact to the environmentEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalEnvironmental Protection AgencyNoEnvironmental Protection AgencyAugust 2011Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.epa.gov/chemical-research/waste-reduction-algorithm-chemical-process-simulation-waste-reduction
ENPI V4.0Assists power plants and corporate managers in calculating and tracking their energy consumptionMisapplication can generate negative impact by showing wrong levels of consumption, creating problems in planning and budgetEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergySeptember 2014Endorsement for useYeshttp://energy.gov/eere/amo/downloads/enpi-v40-user-manual
Freeway Lane Selection AlgorithmAccording to its description, it "will enable transportation professionals to more accurately model lane-changing behavior on freeways." Used by transportation planning agencies to simulate driver behaviour and, therefore, plan accordinglyCan have a negative impact by leading administrators to improperly plan highwaysTransportationUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway AdministrationNoFederal Highway AdministrationDecember 2006Endorsement for useYeshttp://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/operations/06136/
AvueThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesAvue Technologies CorporationActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
Commerce Opportunities On-Line (COOL)Automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-NoU.S. Department of CommerceActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
QuickHireThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesQuickHire LLC, a division of Monster Government SolutionsActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
ResumixThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesYahoo! ResumixActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
USA StaffingHiring software for federal agencies that "positions agencies to acquire, assess, certify, select, and onboard qualified candidates precisely, efficiently and cost-effectively"Might be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://www.opm.gov/services-for-agencies/technology-systems/usa-staffing/
Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) designation scoreHPSAs indicate health care provider shortages. They are scored using metrics of provider IDs, mapping, and Census dataMiscalculation can lead to negative impact in areas with real shortages of health professionals that might not be included on the listHealthUnited StatesFederalHealth Resources & Services Administration (HRSA)NoHealth Resources & Services Administration (HRSA)October 2016Active useYeshttps://bhw.hrsa.gov/shortage-designation/application-scoring-process
Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPC) scoring formulaUsed to determine which areas should be designated as HAPCs, coastal sea regions which are prioritized for conservation effortsNegative impact can arise from erroneous exclusions which lead to an area not receiving appropriate protection, or erroneous inclusions which bring about restrictions to fisheriesEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNoNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationSeptember 2010Active useNohttps://alaskafisheries.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/hapc_process092010.pdf
Assessment Decision Tool (ADT)System "designed to help human resources professionals and hiring supervisors/managers develop assessment strategies targeted to specific competencies and other situational factors relevant to their hiring situation"Might be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel ManagementActive useNohttps://apps.opm.gov/ADT/ADTClientMain.aspx?JScript=1
CareScience Risk Assessment ModelUses three metrics: mortality, complications, and morbidity, to measure hospitals' quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesCareScience, Inc.Endorsement for useYeshttps://archive.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/quality-resources/tools/mortality/KrochRisk3.html
Safety Net Provider Financial HealthAssesses financial situation of healthcare providersMight have a negative impact of not detecting financial unsoundness of providers. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityNoAgency for Healthcare Research and QualitySeptember 2003Active useYeshttps://archive.ahrq.gov/data/safetynet/clouse.htm
Patterns of ViolationsUsed to determine safety in minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)NoMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)Active useYeshttps://arlweb.msha.gov/POV/POVsinglesource.asp
Risk-Based Method for Prioritizing CGMP Inspections of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing SitesSelects drug manufacturing sites for inspectionFailure to flag unsafe drug manufacturing sites might lead to high magnitude negative impact in the form of sending unsafe products to the market and harming patientsHealthUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)September 2004Active useYeshttp://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/04/briefing/2004-4080b1_04_risk-based.pdf
Star ratings for Dialysis Facility Compare (DFC)DFC is a tool that enables patients to find providers of dialysis care. The tool has a star system that is automatically calculated using nine quality measuresMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)June 2016Active useYeshttps://www.medicare.gov/dialysisfacilitycompare/
Fraud Prevention System (FPS)Algorithmic system that uses predictive modeling technology to prevent fraudulent Medicare paymentsFailure to detect fraudulent payment can lead to the high magnitude negative impact of monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact providersHealth; Fiscal managementUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)November 2016Active useYeshttps://www.cms.gov/outreach-and-education/outreach/partnerships/fraudpreventiontoolkit.html
Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Tool (VRAT)Identifies risks and vulnerabilities in postal facilitiesCan have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceActive useYeshttp://about.usps.com/who-we-are/foia/mis-updated-description.pdf
Do Not Pay (DNP) Business CenterSystem that signals vendors that should not receive payments from agencies, based on criteria determined by the agenciesMight be unfair by way of incorrectly flagging a vendor as improper or incorrecly failing to flag an improper vendor, also creating negative impact in this marketFiscal managementUnited StatesFederalBureau of the Fiscal ServiceNoBureau of the Fiscal ServiceAugust 2016Active useYeshttps://donotpay.treas.gov/index.htm
Microcomputer Assisted Rating System (MARS)An automated system to rate and rank applicants for jobs where no written test is requiredMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://clinton6.nara.gov/1994/06/1994-06-30-npr-report-office-of-personnel-management.html
Risk Assessment for Improper PaymentEstimates the rate of improper payment rates by the Department of DefenseMight have a negative impact in the form of ignoring expenses that would increase the rate of improper paymentsDefense; Fiscal managementUnited StatesFederalDefense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)NoDefense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)Active useNohttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/documents/gwipr/fy2014/riskAssessment/DFAS_Risk_Assessment_FY2014.pdf
Annual Overall Rating (AOR)Evaluates concessioners to measure if they are "complying with their contracts and meet all NPS operational performance, environmental management, asset management, risk management, public health and administrative compliance standards," acording to its own descriptionMight be unfair in incorrectly rating a concessioner for exclusion or incorrectly ignoring factors that should exclude other concessioners. Can negatively impact both the concession market and the users of National ParksFiscal managementUnited StatesFederalNational Park Service (NPS)NoNational Park Service (NPS)March 2016Active useYeshttps://concessions.nps.gov/docs/concessioner%20tools/AOR_Workbook_User_Guide.pdf
Documented Safety Analysis (DSA)Guidelines that "systematically identify and assess hazards" in nuclear facilitiesCan negatively impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilities. Because this is the nuclear sector, the magnitude of the negative impact may be largeSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyApril 2002Active useNohttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/07/f2/std3009_cn2_rl.pdf
National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR)Guidance to create cybersecurity risk assessment processes for energy distribuition systems with a scoring system for threats to determine corrective actionsMistakes can create negative impact by putting cybersecurity of power supply at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyDecember 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2014/04/f14/IntegratingElectricitySubsectorFailureScenariosIntoARiskAssessmentMethodology.pdf
ENERGY STAREnergy efficiency rating system for productsMistakes lead to negative impact on consumers, who might inadvertently choose inefficient products. Because of its broad scope, the magnitute of the impact could be largeEnergyUnited StatesFederalEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)NoEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)Endorsement for useYeshttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/11/f5/existing_labels.pdf
Building Energy Asset Score (Asset Score)Energy efficiency rating system for buildingsMistakes lead to negative impact on planners, who might inadvertently construct inefficient buildingsEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyEndorsement for useYeshttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/12/f5/asset_score_api_webinar_061413_0.pdf
Early identification of delinquent operatorsPredictive analysis for unsafe minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)NoSummit Consulting, LLCMarch 2016Active useYeshttp://fcsm.sites.usa.gov/files/2016/03/F3_Dai_2015FCSM.pdf
Recruitment One-StopSystem includes automated assesment tool for candidates for government employmentMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/omb/egov/c-4-2-recruit.html
Financial Services Sector All-Hazards Threat MatrixAccounts for over 1,900 individual threats to the financial sector of the United StatesMight have negative impact of high magnitude by way of failing to detect threats. Can also be controversial, considering the lack of clarity about which are the parametersSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland Security (DHS)NoDepartment of Homeland Security (DHS)Active useYeshttps://homeland.house.gov/files/Testimony%20Carlin_0.pdf
Ecological Monitoring FrameworkCreates a method of assigning scores to ecological condition of parksFailure can negatively impact the condition of national parksEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalNational Park Service (NPS)NoNational Park Service (NPS)Active useNohttps://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/DownloadFile/448300
Proposed Project Selection Method for Human Support Research and Technology DevelopmentProposal of a formula to rate projects for NASA's Human Support Research and Technology DevelopmentMiscalculation can negatively impact the planning of space exploration and the scientists working on itManagementUnited StatesFederalNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)NoNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Jan 2005Potential useNohttps://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050158745
Self-assessment of Public Financial Management Performance (PFMP-SA)A toolkit for health sector managers to "assess their systems and procedures to improve accountability and performance"Miscalculation can negatively impact foreign health planning and all the people who rely on itManagementUnited StatesFederalUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)NoAbt Associates IncDec 2013Endorsement for useNohttp://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00KF1T.pdf
Healthy Home Rating System (HHRS)Assesses the hazards and the potential effect of conditions of housingMay underestimate risks involved in housing, causing negative impact on residentsHealth; safetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)NoDepartment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)January 2014Endorsement for useNohttps://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=operatingguidanceHHRS_1-14.pdf
Risk Assessment Methodology for Critical Infrastructures (RAM-CI)"Provides a user-friendly, systematic, and comprehensive risk-based tool to assist CI sector and security professionals in assessing and managing security risk from malevolent threats."Failure can lead to missed threats to critical infrastructure, leading to a negative impact of high magnitudeSafetyUnited StatesFederalSandia National LaboratoriesNoSandia National LaboratoriesDecember 2008Endorsement for useYeshttp://prod.sandia.gov/techlib/access-control.cgi/2008/088143.pdf
Risk Informed AlgorithmUsed to prioritize high risk food inspectionsFailure can lead to consumers getting sick, a negative impact of high magnitude SafetyUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)October 2010Active useYeshttp://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/fdatrack/view/track_project.cfm?program=cfsan&id=CFSAN-OC-Risk-Informed-Algorithm
Tool 3KAssists healthcare providers as to the best way to increase patient mobility without the risk of fallingCan negatively impact patients that are being mobilizedHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)NoCentral DuPage HospitalJanuary 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/hospital/fallpxtoolkit/fallpxtk-tool3k.html
API/FCI Analysis ChartChart that combines two metrics about facilities - the Criticality of Asset Asset Priority Index (API) and the Facilities Condition Index (FCI) - to determine what should be done with themMight lead to a negative impact with high magnitude upon infrastructureManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the InteriorNoDepartment of the InteriorJuly 2012Active useNohttps://www.blm.gov/style/medialib/blm/nifc/im.Par.29394.File.dat/FA_IM2013016a3.pdf
Algorithm for Fall Risk Assessment & InterventionsAssists healthcare providers as to the best way to increase patient mobility without the risk of fallingCan negatively impact patients that are being mobilizedHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease Control (CDC)NoCenters for Disease Control (CDC)Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cdc.gov/steadi/pdf/algorithm_2015-04-a.pdf
Category RatingThe category rating process ranks candidates that have been evaluated/rated against minimum qualification requirements by placing them into one of two or more predefined quality categoriesMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)March 2006Active useNohttps://www.chcoc.gov/sites/default/files/trans727.pdf
Open Source Indicators (OSI)Project that "automatically anticipates and detects significant societal events using publicly available data"A missed event can impair the government's reaction to it, leading to a negative impact, possibly of high magnitudeIntelligenceUnited StatesFederalIntelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA)NoIntelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA)August 2011Active useYeshttps://www.iarpa.gov/index.php/research-programs/osi
Clinical Criteria Algorithm for Wheelchair PrescribingUsed to determine which patients get access to wheelchairCan lead to negative impact on patients who need the equipment but are not included in these parametersHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coverage/DeterminationProcess/downloads/id143c.pdf
Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) – Cell Radio Frequency (RF) Propagation AlgorithmAlgorithm that determines cell phone tower footprints, to select which can be used to send emergency messagesMight exclude geographical locations from receiving emergency messages, leading to the negative impact of loss of lifeSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityJune 2014Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/WEA%20-%20TCS%20Final%20Report.pdf
Logical Response Aperture (LRA) Advanced Automated AnalyticsDetects malware and other "hostile activity against the networks of US government agencies and other protected entities"Mistakes can have negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityFebruary 2016Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/dpiac-report-2016-01-algorithmic-analytics_0.pdf
Intrusion Detection System (IDS)Detects threats to government networksMistakes can have negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityJuly 2012Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/privacy/DPIAC/NCPS%20Overview_DPIAC_31OCT2012.pdf
Cost Estimating Guide for Road ConstructionCalculates the cost of building different types of roads, including labor costsMight fail to take in account specific costs, leading to negative impact upon the management of fundsManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceMarch 2013Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5279284.pdf
Cost Estimating Guide for Clearing and EarthworkCalculates the cost of clearing woods and digging projectsMight fail to take in account specific costs, leading to negative impact upon the management of fundsManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceFebruary 2009Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5247289.pdf
Ranking method for managing invasive plant speciesA decision matrix that takes into account the potential damage of a species and the potential for control of that speciesFailure to recommend apropriate action might lead to widespread environmental damage, a negative impact with high magnitudeManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceMarch 2011Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5309131.pdf
Hazard Tree Rating MethodScore that takes into account potential for tree failure (indicators that show danger of it collapsing) and potential for damage (potential for striking a target, potential for damaging a target, and target value)Can have a negative impact in peoples' lives by failing to accurately rate hazardous treesManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceActive useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/r10/forest-grasslandhealth/?cid=fsbdev2_038339
Merit PromotionCalculation method to give department employees "an opportunity to receive fair, equitable, and appropriate consideration for higher level jobs"Might unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government promotionPersonnelUnited StatesFederalDepartment of AgricultureNoDepartment of AgricultureJuly 2002Active useNohttp://www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/merit_promotion.pdf
Listeria monocytogenes risk-based verification sampling algorithm Defines thresholds for sampling tests of meatsMight have a nagative impact of high magnitude by way of failing to inspect samples properly, which might lead to mass contaminationSafetyUnited StatesFederalFood Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)NoFood Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)May 2012Active useYeshttps://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/45800bd0-64f2-45c5-811c-e93f16797a1c/Updates-Lm-Verification-Sampling-Algorithm.pdf?MOD=AJPERES
Diagnosis and Treatment of Headache Diagnosis AlgorithmGuides treatment of headaches depending on symptomsMisapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)YesInstitute for Clinical Systems ImprovementJanuary 2006Endorsement for useNohttps://www.guideline.gov/algorithm/4769/NGC-4769_2.pdf
Phonetic Orthographic Computer Algorithm (POCA)Determines the orthographic and phonetic similarity between two drug names. Used to assess the safety, and feasibility of proposed proprietary drug names.Failure can cause negative impact of high magnitude by creating confusion among patients due to similar drug namesHealthUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)April 2015Active useYeshttps://www.healthdata.gov/dataset/poca-phonetic-orthographic-computer-algorithm
Healthcare Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (HFMEA)Used to analyze the risk of failure in patient care.Might lead to patients not being treated properlyHealthUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Veterans AffairsNoDepartment of Veterans AffairsMay 2014Active useNohttp://www.patientsafety.va.gov/docs/joe/hfmea_intro_jm_may14.doc
Automated Underreporter (AUR)Automated analysis and processing of potential underreported and/or over-deducted tax returnsMight have a negative impact of high magnitude by not flagging tax returns that should be audited, causing loss to the government. Could also be unfair to some contribuitorsManagement; taxesUnited StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)NoInternal Revenue Service (IRS)September 2016Active useYeshttps://www.irs.gov/irm/part4/irm_04-019-003r.html
Program Assessment Guide (PAG)Assess efficacy of government programs, using weighted scoring cardMight not identify failing programs, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of LaborNoDepartment of LaborAugust 2013Active useNohttp://www.jobcorps.gov/Libraries/pdf/pag.sflb
Gang Graffiti Automatic Recognition and Interpretation (GARI)Application which helps law enforcement and gang task force officers identify and interpret gang graffiti or tattoo images. It compares the image against an image database and provides details about the identity and meaning of the graffiti or tattooMight miss signals related to gangs, negatively impacting the police force. Also, might mistakingly identify tattoos as gang-related, causing harm to people who have them, potentially leading to controversySafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoPurdue UniversityJanuary 2014Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Enhancing%20Community%20Safety-Gang%20Graffiti%20Automatic%20Recognition%20and%20Interpretation%20System-GARI-Jan2014_2.pdf
Coast Guard Search and Rescue Visual Analytics (cgSARVA)"Assessment tool that helps Coast Guard decision-makers understand the risks associated with resource reallocation for search and rescue missions"Might prevent a mission from taking place, leading to the negative impact of endangering the lives of people who need assistance. Tool may also generate controversy
SafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoPurdue UniversityNovember 2013Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Enhancing%20the%20USCG%20Operational%20Effectiveness%20With%20COAST-Nov2013.pdf
SALT Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm for a Very Large Radiation EmergencyGuidelines for triage of victims of large radiation eventMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/salttriage.htm
Contamination: Diagnose/ManageGuidelines for treatment of victims of radiation eventMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/contamonly.htm
Exposure: Diagnose/Manage Acute Radiation SyndromeGuidelines for treatment of victims of Acute Radiation SyndromeMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/exposureonly.htm#skip
Automated Cropland Classification Algorithms (ACCA)Algorithm that classifies "agricultural cropland extent, areas, and characteristics (e.g. irrigated vs. rainfed) over large areas such as a country or a region through combination of multi-sensor remote sensing and secondary data"Errors in the algorithm may lead to miscalculation of important metrics for agricultural planning or lead to errors in judging crop yields, leading to negative impact of high magnitude to farmersManagement; agricultureUnited StatesFederalUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)NoUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)September 2012Active useNohttps://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70098947
Return Review Program"An automated system that will enhance the IRS’s capabilities to prevent, detect, and resolve criminal and civil tax noncompliance"Might not flag tax returns that should be audited, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagement; taxesUnited StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)NoInternal Revenue Service (IRS)July 2015Potential useYeshttps://www.treasury.gov/tigta/auditreports/2015reports/201520060fr.html
Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA)Tool that, according to its documentation, "parameterizes, executes, and spatially visualizes" watershed runoff and erosion modelsMiscalculation of watershed runoff and erosion might lead to negative impact of losses for farmers and ineffective environmental actionEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalAgricultural Research Service (ARS)NoAgricultural Research Service (ARS)June 2004Active useYeshttp://www.tucson.ars.ag.gov/agwa/
Checklist for conflict sensitivity in education programsOffers a framework for analyzing aspects of education programs, with the objective to reduce conflict and tensions in USAID-run programsCan cause negative impact by failing to assess dangers in USAID programs, leaving workers at riskEducationUnited StatesFederalUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)NoUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)November 2013Active useNohttps://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1865/USAID_Checklist_Conflict_Sensitivity_14FEB27_cm.pdf
Facility Risk Rating Model (FRRM)Identifies risks and vulnerabilities in postal facilitiesCan have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceDecember 2007Active useYeshttps://www.uspsoig.gov/sites/default/files/document-library-files/2015/SA-AR-08-003.pdf
Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)"A questionnaire designed to help assess the management and performance of programs. It is used to evaluate a program’s purpose, design, planning, management, results, and accountability to determine its overall effectiveness"Might not identify failing programs, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagementUnited StatesFederalOffice of Management and BudgetNoOffice of Management and BudgetOctober 2008Active useYeshttps://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/OMB/expectmore/part.html
Landslide Hazard Rating MatrixUsed to calculate the risk of landslides in highwaysCan have a negative impact in drivers' lives by failing to accurately flag landslide risksSafetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)NoFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)December 2007Active useNohttps://ntl.bts.gov/lib/33000/33900/33985/Vol1LandslideHazardRatingMatrixDatabaseFinalReport.pdf
Site-ranking System (SRS)"Ranks hazardous chemical and radioactive waste sites by scoring important and readily available factors that influence risk to human health. Using SRS, sites can be ranked for purposes of detailed site investigations"Can have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalSandia National LaboratoriesNoSandia National LaboratoriesMay 1988Active useNohttp://prod.sandia.gov/techlib/access-control.cgi/1986/862994.pdf
Major Hazard Risk Assessment (MHRA)Used to determine safety in minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease Control (CDC)NoCenters for Disease Control (CDC)October 2008Active useNohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/UserFiles/works/pdfs/2009-104.pdf
Project Scoring SheetScoring calculation to detemine need and value of renovating projects for Department of Interior structures and roadsMight lead to a negative impact of high magnitude in infrastructure. According to their own report, the Department "owns and operates over 110,000 buildings and structures, more than 100,000 miles of public roads." "These facilities serve nearly 479 million visitors annually"ManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the InteriorNoDepartment of the InteriorActive useNohttps://www.doi.gov/sites/doi.gov/files/migrated/pam/programs/asset_management/upload/2016-Att-G-with-appendices.pdf
Statistical CAMELS Off-site Rating (SCOR) Designed to help identify institutions that have experienced noticeable financial deteriorationCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)NoFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)Active useNohttps://www.fdic.gov/bank/analytical/banking/2003sep/2_15n3.pdf
Venous Thromboembolism Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis AlgorithmGuides treatment of pulmonary embolism depending on symptomsMisapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)YesInstitute for Clinical Systems Improvement, Inc.June 2007Endorsement for useNohttps://www.guideline.gov/algorithm/5885/NGC-5885_2.pdf
Emerging ClustersA "method for identifying emerging, high-impact technology clusters and trends based on patents, citations, co-citations, and clusters of patents" with the purpose of "fostering regional
innovation"
Failure to recognize emerging clusters of technology can negatively impact commercial strategy and harm the economy and competitiveness of the United StatesEconomicsUnited StatesFederalDepartment of CommerceNoDepartment of CommerceOctober 2007Active useYeshttps://www.ntis.gov/assets/pdf/Report-EmergingClusters.pdf
Lender Risk Rating SystemA tool to assist the Small Business Administration (SBA) in assessing the risk of each
active Lender’s and Certified Development Company’s (CDC’s) SBA loan operations and loan portfolio
Might lead to a negative impact on small businesses not being able to borrow money or it might lead to the government lending money to improper businessesFinanceUnited StatesFederalSmall Business Administration (SBA)NoSmall Business Administration (SBA)March 2010Active useYeshttps://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/files/lender_risk_rating_system.pdf
Automated detection of improper dataTools automatically detect data that is inapropriatly collected by the intelligence agency, such as data from American citizens without legal authorizationControversy might arise from the lack of clarity of the parameters for exclusion. Failure leads to negative impact by violating the privacy of citizensCybersecurity; privacyUnited StatesFederalNational Security Agency (NSA)NoNational Security Agency (NSA)October 2014Active useYeshttps://www.nsa.gov/about/civil-liberties/reports/assets/files/nsa_clpo_report_targeted_EO12333.pdf
Advanced Concepts & Performance Assessments MD71 programAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Aegis BMD Algorithm Development, Modeling & Simulation, Performance AnalysisAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Simultaneous Correlation of Unambiguous Tracks (SCOUT) AlgorithmAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Multi-Object Kill Vehicle - MOKV Engagement Management AlgorithmsAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Assessment Tool (ASA24)A food diary tool recommended to clinicians and patients. Users input meals consumed in a 24hr cycle and the tool returns data and analysis, including dietary recommendationsCan lead to negative impact on patients' lives, by suggesting improper dietsHealthUnited StatesFederalNational Cancer Institute (NCI)NoNational Cancer Institute (NCI)Endorsement of useYeshttps://epi.grants.cancer.gov/asa24/
Lease Risk ModelPredictive statistical model used to determine risk of fraud in lease contracts of facilitiesFailure to detect fraudulent leases can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact real-estate ownersYesUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceYesElder Research October 2013Active useYeshttps://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/2176909/Resources/Elder-Research-Case-Study-Lease-Renewal-Risk-Model-USPS-OIG.pdf
Claimant Risk Analysis ModelPredictive modeling used to identify workers’ compensation claims with high-risk of fraudFailure to detect fraudulent leases can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact real-estate ownersYesUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceJuly 2013Active useYeshttp://docplayer.net/802084-Inspector-general-united-states-postal-service.html
Weighted Airman Promotion System (WAPS)Selection program that determines the promotion of airmen in the United States Air ForceMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government promotionPersonnel; militaryUnited StatesFederalDepartment of DefenseNoDepartment of DefenseActive useYeshttp://www.afpc.af.mil/Weighted-Airman-Promotion-System
Veterans’ Preference in AppointmentsScore that determines the preference of military veterans in federal hiringMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel ManagementNoOffice of Personnel ManagementActive useNohttps://hru.gov/Studio_Recruitment/HT_01_Veterans_Preference.aspx
Uniform Interagency Consumer Compliance Rating SystemThis five-category, numerical rating system standardizes individual agency approaches to measuring the compliance of financial institutions with consumer protection and civil rights laws-FinanceUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the TreasuryNoDepartment of the TreasuryActive useNohttps://occ.gov/publications/publications-by-type/comptrollers-handbook/_paginated/overview/over00013.htm
Scoring Matrix to determine the display locations for the space shuttle orbiters Used to determine the final location of the shuttles that had flown in space(Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour)There is a clear economic benefit for selected locations, meaning it can unfairly benefit some. Also, there was the potential for controversyEconomics; tourismUnited StatesFederalNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNoNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationAugust 2011Active useNohttps://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY11/Review_NASAs_Selection_Display_Locations.pdf
Traffic Analysis ToolboxAccording to its own description, it includes "methodologies such as sketch-planning, travel demand modeling, traffic signal optimization, and traffic simulation-TransportationUnited StatesFederalDepartment of TransportationYesVariousNovember 2004Endorsement of useYeshttp://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/fhwahop08054/sect4.htm
Risk Management Self-Evaluation Framework (RMSEF)A framework for risk management applicable to the transportation of hazardous materials, designed to be used by regulators, shippers, carriers, and emergency response personnel-Safety; transportationUnited StatesFederalOffice of Hazardous Materials Safety (OHMS)NoOffice of Hazardous Materials Safety (OHMS)January 2020Endorsement of useNohttp://phmsa.dot.gov/staticfiles/PHMSA/DownloadableFiles/Files/rmsef_security_template.pdf
Tier Ranking System (TRS) IIA scoring model to determine compliance by lenders for housingMight lead to a negative impact on people not being able to borrow money or it might lead to the government lending money to improper businessesFinanceUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Housing And Urban DevelopmentNoDepartment of Housing And Urban DevelopmentActive useYeshttp://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=spsnarrative.pdf
Fermilab Operations Risk Ranking MatrixThis matrix takes in account impact and risk of research.-SafetyUnited StatesFederalFermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)NoFermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)April 2016Active useNohttp://ppp-docdb.fnal.gov/cgi-bin/ShowDocument?docid=85
Fermilab Enterprise Risk Tolerance (Ranking) MatrixThis matrix takes in account impact and risk of research.-SafetyUnited StatesFederalFermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)NoFermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)November 2015Active useNohttp://ppp-docdb.fnal.gov/cgi-bin/ShowDocument?docid=60
Home Energy Scoring ToolSystem that asseses energy usage for homes.Mistakes lead to negative impact on home owners, who might not determine cause of high energy usageEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)Active useYeshttp://hes-documentation.lbl.gov/home-energy-scoring-tool/scoring-methodology
Assessment worksheet“A decision-making tool to systematically help identify risks and benefits and determine the best courses of action for any given situation”-SafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the InteriorNoDepartment of the InteriorJanuary 2013Active useNohttps://safetynet.doi.gov/information/program/docs/DOI_ORM_Assessment_Worksheet.xlsx
HAZUSA standardized methodology for analyzing potential losses from floods, hurricane winds and earthquakesMight prevent a mission from taking place, leading to the negative impact of endangering the lives of people who need assistanceSafetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)NoFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)February 2015Active use; endorsement of useYeshttps://www.fema.gov/hazus
Scoring and Recommended Prophylaxis against thrombosisGuidelines for thrombosis treatmentMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlyHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityNoAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityAugust 2016Endorsement of useNohttp://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/vtguide/vtguide4.html
Traffic Management Advisor (TMA)An automated tool for planning flight trajectories of commercial flights-TransportationUnited StatesFederalFederal Aviation Administration (FAA)NoFederal Aviation Administration (FAA)Active useYeshttps://www.aviationsystemsdivision.arc.nasa.gov/publications/2013/AIAA-2013-5130.pdf
Risk Priority Number (RPN) rankingScores different equipments in oil and gas operations to determine risk of failure and need for interventionCan have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risksSafetyUnited StatesFederalBureau of Safety and Environmental EnforcementNoBureau of Safety and Environmental EnforcementJune 2013Active useNohttps://www.bsee.gov/sites/bsee.gov/files/tap-technical-assessment-program//693ad.pdf
General Rating Formula for Mental DisordersUsed to determine degree and type of medical problems of veterans to calculate payment of benefitsMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing veterans to not receive proper benefits, or it might cause overpayment-United StatesFederalDepartment of Veterans Affairs----http://www.cafc.uscourts.gov/sites/default/files/opinions-orders/12-7114.Opinion.4-3-2013.1.PDF
Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System II (CAPPS)Second version of current program that evaluates each air travel passenger to determine its potential risk of being a terroristCan have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risks and can create problems to people incorrectly flagged as dangerous. Controversy has prevented it from being usedSafetyUnited StatesFederalU.S. Customs and Border ProtectionNoU.S. Customs and Border ProtectionPotential useYeshttps://www.cbp.gov/bulletins/38genno30.pdf
Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency VirusGuidelines to treat infections related to HIVMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing patients to not be treated properly-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----http://www.cdc.gov/MMWR/preview/mmwrhtml/00048226.htm
Automated Incident AssessmentCalculates the importance of incidents in which census works lose or misplace personal information of interviewees-PrivacyUnited StatesFederalCensus Bureau----https://www.census.gov/2010census/pdf/2010_Census_PII_Assessment.pdf
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)Weather forecast modelFailure to accurately predict the weather can lead to economic loss for residents, industry, agriculture-United StatesFederalDepartment of Commerce----https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/how-good-have-enso-forecasts-been-lately
Predictive Modeling Analysis of Medicare ClaimsAnalyzes Medicare claims to detect potentially fraudulent activity.Failure to detect fraudulent payment can lead to the high magnitude negative impact of monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact providers-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNMattersArticles/downloads/SE1133.pdf
Nursing Home Compare Five-Star Quality Rating SystemTool that enables patients to find providers based on quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methods-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.cms.gov/medicare/provider-enrollment-and-certification/certificationandcomplianc/downloads/usersguide.pdf
Quality Rating System (QRS) rating methodologyTool that enables patients to find providers based on quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methods-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Patient-Assessment-Instruments/QualityInitiativesGenInfo/Downloads/QRS-Rating-Methodology-for-2015.pdf
Hospital Quality Star Rating on Hospital CompareTool that enables patients to find providers based on quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methods-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.cms.gov/Newsroom/MediaReleaseDatabase/Fact-sheets/2016-Fact-sheets-items/2016-07-27.html
Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS)Pays for Medicare services according to quality ratingsMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methods-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Patient-Assessment-Instruments/Value-Based-Programs/MACRA-MIPS-and-APMs/MIPS-Scoring-Methodology-slide-deck.pdf
Automated filtering systemWinnow down messages to be read by the NSACan have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risks-United StatesFederalNational Security Agency (NSA)----https://www.congress.gov/crec/2001/09/13/CREC-2001-09-13.pdf
Automated Targeting SystemUsed "to improve the collection, use, analysis, and dissemination of information that is gathered for the primary purpose of targeting, identifying, and preventing potential terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States"Can have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risks and can create problems to people incorrectly flagged as dangerous-United StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland Security----https://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/privacy/privacy_pia_cbp_ats.pdf
Passenger Name Record (PNR) automated filteringAutomatically removes sensitive data from program that shares information between the U.S. and European authorities about air travel passengersCan have a negative impact by failing to accurately detect sensitive dataPrivacyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityActive useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/privacy_eu_pnr_aircarriers_april_2010.pdf
HURREVAC-eXtended (HV-X)A web-based suite of tools that integrates all phases of hurricane planning and evacuation decisionsMight prevent a mission from taking place, leading to the negative impact of endangering the lives of people who need assistance-United StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland Security----https://www.dhs.gov/science-and-technology/news/2016/05/17/responder-news-enhancing-hurricane-season-training-decision
Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs disability ratingUsed to determine degree and type of medical problems of beneficiaries to calculate payment of benefitsMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing beneficiaries to not receive proper benefits, or it might cause overpaymentEconomyUnited StatesFederalOffice of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP)NoOffice of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP)Active use; endorsement of useNohttps://www.dol.gov/ecab/decisions/2014/Sep/13-1519_O.htm
Indirect Dietary Residential Exposure Assessment Model (IDREAM)"Estimates indirect ingestion exposure to disinfectants used in residential settings on hard surfaces where there may be inadvertent transfer to edible items prepared on those surfaces"Might fail to predict exposure of consumers to harmful toxics, causing physical harmSafetyUnited StatesFederalEnvironmental Protection AgencyNoEnvironmental Protection AgencyJune 2015Active use; endorsement of useYeshttps://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-07/documents/idream_user_guide.pdf
Monitor Safety/Analyze Data (MSAD) processProcess designed to "filter, review, analyze and trend" commercial aviation safety dataCan have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risksTransportation; safetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Aviation Administration (FAA)NoFederal Aviation Administration (FAA)March 2010Active useNohttps://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Order/FAA%20Order%208110.107.pdf
Uniform Financial Institutions Rating System (UFIRS)Used to determine the financial status of banksCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationNoFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationActive useNohttps://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/rules/5000-900.html
Ratings system for federal banksUsed to determine the financial status of banksCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalFederal Reserve SystemNoFederal Reserve SystemNovember 1995Active useNohttps://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/srletters/1995/sr9551.htm
Pre-scoring to Assistance to Firefighters GrantAutomated selection process to determine selection for fundsMight unfairly exclude appropriate projects or generate negative impact by including inappropriate projects. Might benefit specific groups unfairlySafety; managementUnited StatesFederalFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)NoFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)August 2011Active useYeshttps://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1855-25045-0101/september_28_2011_fy_2011_afg_applicants_what_s_next.txt
Site/Building Inherent Vulnerability Assessment MatrixAssesses risk of terrorist attacks on buildings.Can have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilities-United StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland Security--December 2003--https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1455-20490-6222/fema426.pdf
National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating SystemA program that provides incentives for those communities to develop extra measures to provide protection from flooding.Might unfairly exclude appropriate projects or generate negative impact by including inappropriate projects. Might benefit specific groups unfairlySafety; managementUnited StatesFederalFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)NoFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)August 2011Active useYeshttps://www.fema.gov/pdf/business/nfip/nfip_reform_phase_III_report.pdf
Practical Guide for Quality Management of Pavement Condition Data CollectionGuidelines for local agencies to assess the quality of pavement-Transportation; safetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)NoFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)February 2013Endorsement of useNohttp://www.fhwa.dot.gov/pavement/management/qm/data_qm_guide.pdf
U.S. DOT Vulnerability Assessment Scoring ToolUsed to determine vulnerability of transportation systems (rail, ports, airports, roads) to climateMight fail to predict risks, potentially causing physical harm to commuters or financial loss for governmentTransportation; managementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of TransportationNoDepartment of TransportationJune 2015Endorsement of useYeshttps://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/adaptation/adaptation_framework/modules/scoring_tools_guide/page01.cfm
Load and resistance factor design (LRFD)Industry standard for road construction supported by the federal government--United StatesFederalDepartment of Transportation----https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/05jul/09.cfm
Climate Change & Extreme Weather Vulnerability Assessment FrameworkCalculates and grades risk involved with extreme weather eventsCan have a negative impact by failing to accurately flag risksEnvironment; safetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)NoFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)December 2012Active use; endorsement of useNohttps://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/adaptation/publications/vulnerability_assessment_framework/figure4.cfm
Consume 3.0—A Software Tool for Computing Fuel ConsumptionCalculates potential of wood as fuel of forest fires and prescribe fire fighting actionsMight fail to detect a risk or lead to inapropriate action, endangering the lives of peopleSafetyUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceJune 2009Endorsement of useYeshttp://www.firescience.gov/projects/briefs/98-1-9-06_fsbrief55.pdf
Career ConnectorAutomated rating‑and‑ranking tool used by the IRS to evaluate personnelMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employment-United StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)----https://www.flra.gov/decisions/v68/68-149.html
Supervision and Regulation Statistical Assessment of Bank Risk model (SR-SABR)Used to determine the financial status of banksCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalFederal Reserve SystemNoFederal Reserve SystemDecember 2015Active useYeshttp://www.gao.gov/new.items/d11612.pdf
Risk assessment methods for the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) programRisk management plan for meteorological and oceanographic satellitesCan cause negative impact by failing to assess dangers in satellites programs, leading to their operational loss and loss of data collecting on environmentSafetyUnited StatesFederalNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)NoNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)August 2013Active useYeshttp://www.goes-r.gov/syseng/docs/Risk_Mgmt_Plan_v2-0.pdf
Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS)Used to predict strength of cyclones in the Atlantic coastFailure to accurately predict the weather can lead to economic loss for residents, industry, agricultureEnvironment; safetyUnited StatesFederalNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)NoNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Active use; endorsement of useYeshttp://www.goes-r.gov/users/comet/tropical/textbook_2nd_edition/navmenu.php_tab_10_page_5.3.0.htm
Ranking system for the Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem (GPD)Ranking system that determines which applicants will receive monetary funds from the Department of Veterans AffairsMight unfairly exclude appropriate projects or generate negative impact by including inappropriate projects. Might benefit specific groups unfairlyFinanceUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Veterans AffairsNoDepartment of Veterans AffairsFebruary 2013Active useNohttps://www.va.gov/HOMELESS/docs/GPD/GPD_Final_Rule_38CFR61_02-25-2013.pdf
Multicriteria-Based Ranking Model for Risk Management of Animal Drug Residues in Milk and Milk ProductsThe risk assessment is a tool to assist with reevaluating which animal drug residues should be included in milk testing programs--United StatesFederalGovernment Printing Office----http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-04-30/pdf/2015-10000.pdf
Safety Fitness Rating Methodology (SFRM)Used to measure the safety fitness of motor carriers against the safety fitness standard--United StatesFederalGovernment Printing Office----https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/granule/FR-2000-03-07/00-5471
Framingham Risk EquationGuidelines to determine cardiovascular riskMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing patients to not be treated properly-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/48117?
Clinical algorithms for lower urinary tract symptoms in menGuidelines for assessment and management of lower urinary tract symptoms in menMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing patients to not be treated properly-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/49273
Croft's Grades of InjuryGuidelines for chiropractical treatmentMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing patients to not be treated properly-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/47637/best-practices---practice-guidelines
Includes clinical algorithms for bladder treatmentGuidelines for bladder treatmentMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing patients to not be treated properly-United StatesFederalDepartment of Health And Human Services----https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/46927?
Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) for Building ProjectsA method that assists in planning--United StatesFederalNational Aeronautics and Space Administration----http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codej/codejx/Assets/Docs/ProjectDefinitionRatingIndex.pdf
Early Model Based Event Recognition using Surrogates (EMBERS)Anticipatory intelligence system for forecasting socially significant population-level events, such as civil unrest incidents, disease outbreaks, and election outcomes, on the basis of publicly available dataA missed event can impair the government's reaction to it, leading to a negative impact, possibly of high magnitude-United StatesFederalDirector of National Intelligence----https://www.iarpa.gov/index.php/newsroom/iarpa-in-the-news/2015/445-forecasting-significant-societal-events-using-the-embers-streaming-predictive-analytics-system
IRS Merit Promotion Plan and Internal PlacementCalculation method to give department employees chance of being promotedMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government promotionPersonnelUnited StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)NoInternal Revenue Service (IRS)March 2013Active useNohttps://www.irs.gov/irm/part6/irm_06-335-001.html
ProUCL Version 3.0Software to support risk assessment and cleanup decisions at contaminated sites--United StatesFederalDepartment of Energy----http://www.lm.doe.gov/cercla/documents/rockyflats_docs/sw/sw-a-005700.pdf
Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model (FOAM)Climate simulation algorithmFailure to accurately predict climate impact can lead to economic loss for residents, industry, agricultureEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyActive use; endorsement of useYeshttp://www.mcs.anl.gov/research/projects/foam/publications.html
HCAHPS (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) star ratingsTool that enables patients to find providers based on quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)October 2015Active useYeshttps://www.medicare.gov/hospitalcompare/Data/HCAHPS-Star-Ratings.html
Federal Merit Promotion ProgramCalculation method to give department employees chance of being promotedMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government promotionPersonnelUnited StatesFederalMerit Systems Protection BoardNoMerit Systems Protection BoardMarch 2013Active useNohttp://www.mspb.gov/netsearch/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253639&version=253926&application=ACROBAT
Risk assessment of credit unionsUsed to determine the financial status of credit unionsCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalNational Credit Union AdministrationNoNational Credit Union AdministrationOctober 2016Active useNohttps://www.ncua.gov/regulation-supervision/Pages/policy-compliance/communications/letters-to-credit-unions/2016/irr-workbook-guide.pdf
Guidelines for Evaluation of an Application for a PCA Risk Mitigation CreditGuidance to evaluate a federally insured credit union’s application for a risk mitigation credit (RMC)Can have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalNational Credit Union AdministrationNoNational Credit Union AdministrationMarch 2001Active useNohttps://www.ncua.gov/legal/guidesetc/guidesmanuals/ncua8508.pdf
Filtering algorithmsAutomated tools filter out inappropriate collection of data about U.S. persons-PrivacyUnited StatesFederalNational Security Agency (NSA)----https://www.nsa.gov/about/civil-liberties/reports/assets/files/nsa_clpo_report_targeted_EO12333.pdf
Performance Rating Method (PRM)Used to rate the energy efficiency of commercial and high-rise residential buildingsMistakes lead to negative impact on planners, who might inadvertently construct inefficient buildings-United StatesFederalDepartment of Energy----http://www.pnnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-25130.pdf
Commercial Building Energy Asset ScoreHelps commercial building managers to compare their building infrastructure to other buildings to "facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency improvements"Mistakes lead to negative impact on planners, who might inadvertently construct inefficient buildingsEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyAugust 2013Endorsement of useYeshttp://www.pnnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-22045rev1.1.pdf
Visual Sample Plan (VSP) modulesMethods to use software to measure investigations into nuclear weapons tests--United StatesFederalDepartment of Energy----http://www.pnnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-19869.pdf
PARRiS BenchmarkUsed to oversee the financial quality of lenders from the SBA-FinanceUnited StatesFederalSmall Business Administration (SBA)NoSmall Business Administration (SBA)Active useNohttps://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/articles/PARRiS_Overview_-_Aug_16_2016.pdf
SSI Redetermination Scoring ModelDetermines overpayment of Social Security benefitsFailure to detect fraudulent payment can lead to the high magnitude negative impact of monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact providers-United StatesFederalSocial Security Administration----https://www.ssa.gov/legislation/testimony_072512.html
General Rating Formula for Diseases and Injuries of the SpineUsed to determine degree and type of medical problems of veterans to calculate payment of benefitsMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing veterans to not receive proper benefits, or it might cause overpayment-United StatesFederalDepartment of Veterans Affairs----https://www.uscourts.cavc.gov/documents/Cullen_08-1193_published_opinion_8-13-2010.pdf
Project ranking criteriaCalculates the cost of projectsMight fail to take in account specific costs, jeopardizing management of fundsManagementUnited StatesFederalU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceNoU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceActive useNohttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/es/ec/nrda/MoTriState/pdf/EaglePicherIScoringMatrixMay2013.pdf
Workforce Planning Risk AssessmentAnalyzes projects and identifies risks and vulnerabilities to workers Might fail to predict risks and cause loss of lifeSafetyUnited StatesFederalUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)NoUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)Active useNohttps://www2.usgs.gov/humancapital/sw/workforceplanning/documents/WFPriskassessment.docx