Algorithm Tips

Find tips for stories on algorithms

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This is a growing list of potentially newsworthy algorithms used by the U.S. government. As more decisions are influenced by algorithms, more algorithmic accountability may be needed. But where to start? Here, you can find algorithms warranting a closer look. Read about our criteria and sources.

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Search for interesting algorithms using keywords relating to facets such as agency (e.g., Dept. of Justice) or topic (e.g., health, police, etc.). Then, on our resources page, learn how to submit FOIA requests about algorithms, or find news articles and research papers about the uses and risks of algorithms.

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Name
Description
Why is it important
Topic
Jurisdiction
Government level
Agency
Proprietary
Creator/author/vendor
Date
Adoption Stage
Computational
Link
SOLUTIONS® wound care algorithmFederally-supported guideline to facilitate health care professionals' decision making by providing "management and evaluation strategies for acute and chronic wound care"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesConvaTecSeptember 2013Endorsement for useYeshttps://guideline.gov/summaries/summary/47857
Interim Guidelines for Pregnant Women During a Zika Virus Outbreak"Testing algorithm for a pregnant woman with history of travel to an area with Zika virus transmission, with or without clinical illness consistent with Zika virus disease"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptoms and spread of diseaseHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease ControlNoCenters for Disease ControlJanuary 2016Active use and endorsement for useNohttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6502e1.htm
Emergency Severity Index Version 4 Triage Algorithm"A five level emergency department (ED) triage algorithm that provides clinically relevant stratification of patients into five groups from least to most urgent based on acuity and, unique to ESI, resource needs"Misapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesESI Triage Research Team, LLCNovember 2011Endorsement for useYeshttp://www.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/wysiwyg/professionals/systems/hospital/esi/esihandbk.pdf
Planned Readmission Algorithm "A set of criteria for classifying readmissions as planned or unplanned using Medicare claims." Used to determine Medicare payments for patients that have to return to the hospitalMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)YesYale New Haven Health Services Corporation Center for Outcomes Research & Evaluation (YNHHSC/CORE)March 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Patient-Assessment-Instruments/HospitalQualityInits/Measure-Methodology.html
CoCASA (Comprehensive Clinic Assessment Software Application)"A tool for assessing immunization coverage and practices within a provider clinic, or any other environment where immunizations are provided." "After immunization data is entered or imported into CoCASA, data analysis capabilities can be utilized for coverage assessment purposes providing a variety of different reports that can be utilized to pinpoint areas of strength and areas requiring improvement for an individual immunization provider."Used by healthcare providers to evaluate the overall treatment and immunization of their patients. Miscalculation could to the spread of an infectious diseaseHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease ControlNoCenters for Disease ControlEndorsement for useYeshttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/programs/cocasa/index.html
CNSA SuiteAccording to their documentation, "cryptographic algorithms are specified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and are used by NSA's Information Assurance Directorate (IAD) in solutions approved for protecting National Security Systems (NSS). They include cryptographic algorithms for encryption, key exchange, digital signature, and hashing."Mistakes can create negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalNational Institute of Standards and Technology and National Security AgencyNoNISTJanuary 2016Active useYeshttps://www.iad.gov/iad/library/ia-guidance/ia-solutions-for-classified/algorithm-guidance/index.cfm
WAste Reduction Algorithm (WAR)According to its own description, it "evaluates processes in terms of potential environmental impacts (PEI)", which are the effects that a chemical would have on the environment if it were released into the environment. Used by industry to determine how the emission of pollutants will affect the environmentErrors can lead to unexpected negative impact to the environmentEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalEnvironmental Protection AgencyNoEnvironmental Protection AgencyAugust 2011Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.epa.gov/chemical-research/waste-reduction-algorithm-chemical-process-simulation-waste-reduction
ENPI V4.0Assists power plants and corporate managers in calculating and tracking their energy consumptionMisapplication can generate negative impact by showing wrong levels of consumption, creating problems in planning and budgetEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergySeptember 2014Endorsement for useYeshttp://energy.gov/eere/amo/downloads/enpi-v40-user-manual
Freeway Lane Selection AlgorithmAccording to its description, it "will enable transportation professionals to more accurately model lane-changing behavior on freeways." Used by transportation planning agencies to simulate driver behaviour and, therefore, plan accordinglyCan have a negative impact by leading administrators to improperly plan highwaysTransportationUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway AdministrationNoFederal Highway AdministrationDecember 2006Endorsement for useYeshttp://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/operations/06136/
AvueThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesAvue Technologies CorporationActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
Commerce Opportunities On-Line (COOL)Automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-NoU.S. Department of CommerceActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
QuickHireThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesQuickHire LLC, a division of Monster Government SolutionsActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
ResumixThird-party automated hiring system for government employeesMight be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederal-YesYahoo! ResumixActive useYeshttps://www.mspb.gov/MSPBSEARCH/viewdocs.aspx?docnumber=253627&version=253914&application=ACROBAT
USA StaffingHiring software for federal agencies that "positions agencies to acquire, assess, certify, select, and onboard qualified candidates precisely, efficiently and cost-effectively"Might be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://www.opm.gov/services-for-agencies/technology-systems/usa-staffing/
Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) designation scoreHPSAs indicate health care provider shortages. They are scored using metrics of provider IDs, mapping, and Census dataMiscalculation can lead to negative impact in areas with real shortages of health professionals that might not be included on the listHealthUnited StatesFederalHealth Resources & Services Administration (HRSA)NoHealth Resources & Services Administration (HRSA)October 2016Active useYeshttps://bhw.hrsa.gov/shortage-designation/application-scoring-process
Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPC) scoring formulaUsed to determine which areas should be designated as HAPCs, coastal sea regions which are prioritized for conservation effortsNegative impact can arise from erroneous exclusions which lead to an area not receiving appropriate protection, or erroneous inclusions which bring about restrictions to fisheriesEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNoNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationSeptember 2010Active useNohttps://alaskafisheries.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/hapc_process092010.pdf
Assessment Decision Tool (ADT)System "designed to help human resources professionals and hiring supervisors/managers develop assessment strategies targeted to specific competencies and other situational factors relevant to their hiring situation"Might be unfair in excluding appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel ManagementActive useNohttps://apps.opm.gov/ADT/ADTClientMain.aspx?JScript=1
CareScience Risk Assessment ModelUses three metrics: mortality, complications, and morbidity, to measure hospitals' quality of careMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityYesCareScience, Inc.Endorsement for useYeshttps://archive.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/quality-resources/tools/mortality/KrochRisk3.html
Safety Net Provider Financial HealthAssesses financial situation of healthcare providersMight have a negative impact of not detecting financial unsoundness of providers. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityNoAgency for Healthcare Research and QualitySeptember 2003Active useYeshttps://archive.ahrq.gov/data/safetynet/clouse.htm
Patterns of ViolationsUsed to determine safety in minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)NoMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)Active useYeshttps://arlweb.msha.gov/POV/POVsinglesource.asp
Risk-Based Method for Prioritizing CGMP Inspections of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing SitesSelects drug manufacturing sites for inspectionFailure to flag unsafe drug manufacturing sites might lead to high magnitude negative impact in the form of sending unsafe products to the market and harming patientsHealthUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)September 2004Active useYeshttp://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/04/briefing/2004-4080b1_04_risk-based.pdf
Star ratings for Dialysis Facility Compare (DFC)DFC is a tool that enables patients to find providers of dialysis care. The tool has a star system that is automatically calculated using nine quality measuresMiscalculation can lead to negative impact on providers, or to unfairly benefiting others, and overall misinforming users. Can also generate controversy about validity of methodsHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)June 2016Active useYeshttps://www.medicare.gov/dialysisfacilitycompare/
Fraud Prevention System (FPS)Algorithmic system that uses predictive modeling technology to prevent fraudulent Medicare paymentsFailure to detect fraudulent payment can lead to the high magnitude negative impact of monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact providersHealth; Fiscal managementUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)November 2016Active useYeshttps://www.cms.gov/outreach-and-education/outreach/partnerships/fraudpreventiontoolkit.html
Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Tool (VRAT)Identifies risks and vulnerabilities in postal facilitiesCan have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceActive useYeshttp://about.usps.com/who-we-are/foia/mis-updated-description.pdf
Do Not Pay (DNP) Business CenterSystem that signals vendors that should not receive payments from agencies, based on criteria determined by the agenciesMight be unfair by way of incorrectly flagging a vendor as improper or incorrecly failing to flag an improper vendor, also creating negative impact in this marketFiscal managementUnited StatesFederalBureau of the Fiscal ServiceNoBureau of the Fiscal ServiceAugust 2016Active useYeshttps://donotpay.treas.gov/index.htm
Microcomputer Assisted Rating System (MARS)An automated system to rate and rank applicants for jobs where no written test is requiredMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://clinton6.nara.gov/1994/06/1994-06-30-npr-report-office-of-personnel-management.html
Risk Assessment for Improper PaymentEstimates the rate of improper payment rates by the Department of DefenseMight have a negative impact in the form of ignoring expenses that would increase the rate of improper paymentsDefense; Fiscal managementUnited StatesFederalDefense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)NoDefense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)Active useNohttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/documents/gwipr/fy2014/riskAssessment/DFAS_Risk_Assessment_FY2014.pdf
Annual Overall Rating (AOR)Evaluates concessioners to measure if they are "complying with their contracts and meet all NPS operational performance, environmental management, asset management, risk management, public health and administrative compliance standards," acording to its own descriptionMight be unfair in incorrectly rating a concessioner for exclusion or incorrectly ignoring factors that should exclude other concessioners. Can negatively impact both the concession market and the users of National ParksFiscal managementUnited StatesFederalNational Park Service (NPS)NoNational Park Service (NPS)March 2016Active useYeshttps://concessions.nps.gov/docs/concessioner%20tools/AOR_Workbook_User_Guide.pdf
Documented Safety Analysis (DSA)Guidelines that "systematically identify and assess hazards" in nuclear facilitiesCan negatively impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilities. Because this is the nuclear sector, the magnitude of the negative impact may be largeSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyApril 2002Active useNohttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/07/f2/std3009_cn2_rl.pdf
National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR)Guidance to create cybersecurity risk assessment processes for energy distribuition systems with a scoring system for threats to determine corrective actionsMistakes can create negative impact by putting cybersecurity of power supply at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyDecember 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2014/04/f14/IntegratingElectricitySubsectorFailureScenariosIntoARiskAssessmentMethodology.pdf
ENERGY STAREnergy efficiency rating system for productsMistakes lead to negative impact on consumers, who might inadvertently choose inefficient products. Because of its broad scope, the magnitute of the impact could be largeEnergyUnited StatesFederalEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)NoEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)Endorsement for useYeshttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/11/f5/existing_labels.pdf
Building Energy Asset Score (Asset Score)Energy efficiency rating system for buildingsMistakes lead to negative impact on planners, who might inadvertently construct inefficient buildingsEnergyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of EnergyNoDepartment of EnergyEndorsement for useYeshttps://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/12/f5/asset_score_api_webinar_061413_0.pdf
Early identification of delinquent operatorsPredictive analysis for unsafe minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalMine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)NoSummit Consulting, LLCMarch 2016Active useYeshttp://fcsm.sites.usa.gov/files/2016/03/F3_Dai_2015FCSM.pdf
Recruitment One-StopSystem includes automated assesment tool for candidates for government employmentMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)Active useYeshttps://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/omb/egov/c-4-2-recruit.html
Financial Services Sector All-Hazards Threat MatrixAccounts for over 1,900 individual threats to the financial sector of the United StatesMight have negative impact of high magnitude by way of failing to detect threats. Can also be controversial, considering the lack of clarity about which are the parametersSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland Security (DHS)NoDepartment of Homeland Security (DHS)Active useYeshttps://homeland.house.gov/files/Testimony%20Carlin_0.pdf
Ecological Monitoring FrameworkCreates a method of assigning scores to ecological condition of parksFailure can negatively impact the condition of national parksEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalNational Park Service (NPS)NoNational Park Service (NPS)Active useNohttps://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/DownloadFile/448300
Proposed Project Selection Method for Human Support Research and Technology DevelopmentProposal of a formula to rate projects for NASA's Human Support Research and Technology DevelopmentMiscalculation can negatively impact the planning of space exploration and the scientists working on itManagementUnited StatesFederalNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)NoNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Jan 2005Potential useNohttps://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050158745
Self-assessment of Public Financial Management Performance (PFMP-SA)A toolkit for health sector managers to "assess their systems and procedures to improve accountability and performance"Miscalculation can negatively impact foreign health planning and all the people who rely on itManagementUnited StatesFederalUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)NoAbt Associates IncDec 2013Endorsement for useNohttp://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00KF1T.pdf
Healthy Home Rating System (HHRS)Assesses the hazards and the potential effect of conditions of housingMay underestimate risks involved in housing, causing negative impact on residentsHealth; safetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)NoDepartment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)January 2014Endorsement for useNohttps://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=operatingguidanceHHRS_1-14.pdf
Risk Assessment Methodology for Critical Infrastructures (RAM-CI)"Provides a user-friendly, systematic, and comprehensive risk-based tool to assist CI sector and security professionals in assessing and managing security risk from malevolent threats."Failure can lead to missed threats to critical infrastructure, leading to a negative impact of high magnitudeSafetyUnited StatesFederalSandia National LaboratoriesNoSandia National LaboratoriesDecember 2008Endorsement for useYeshttp://prod.sandia.gov/techlib/access-control.cgi/2008/088143.pdf
Risk Informed AlgorithmUsed to prioritize high risk food inspectionsFailure can lead to consumers getting sick, a negative impact of high magnitude SafetyUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)October 2010Active useYeshttp://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/fdatrack/view/track_project.cfm?program=cfsan&id=CFSAN-OC-Risk-Informed-Algorithm
Tool 3KAssists healthcare providers as to the best way to increase patient mobility without the risk of fallingCan negatively impact patients that are being mobilizedHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)NoCentral DuPage HospitalJanuary 2013Endorsement for useNohttps://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/hospital/fallpxtoolkit/fallpxtk-tool3k.html
API/FCI Analysis ChartChart that combines two metrics about facilities - the Criticality of Asset Asset Priority Index (API) and the Facilities Condition Index (FCI) - to determine what should be done with themMight lead to a negative impact with high magnitude upon infrastructureManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the InteriorNoDepartment of the InteriorJuly 2012Active useNohttps://www.blm.gov/style/medialib/blm/nifc/im.Par.29394.File.dat/FA_IM2013016a3.pdf
Algorithm for Fall Risk Assessment & InterventionsAssists healthcare providers as to the best way to increase patient mobility without the risk of fallingCan negatively impact patients that are being mobilizedHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease Control (CDC)NoCenters for Disease Control (CDC)Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cdc.gov/steadi/pdf/algorithm_2015-04-a.pdf
Category RatingThe category rating process ranks candidates that have been evaluated/rated against minimum qualification requirements by placing them into one of two or more predefined quality categoriesMight unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government employmentPersonnelUnited StatesFederalOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)NoOffice of Personnel Management (OPM)March 2006Active useNohttps://www.chcoc.gov/sites/default/files/trans727.pdf
Open Source Indicators (OSI)Project that "automatically anticipates and detects significant societal events using publicly available data"A missed event can impair the government's reaction to it, leading to a negative impact, possibly of high magnitudeIntelligenceUnited StatesFederalIntelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA)NoIntelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA)August 2011Active useYeshttps://www.iarpa.gov/index.php/research-programs/osi
Clinical Criteria Algorithm for Wheelchair PrescribingUsed to determine which patients get access to wheelchairCan lead to negative impact on patients who need the equipment but are not included in these parametersHealthUnited StatesFederalCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)NoCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)Endorsement for useNohttps://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coverage/DeterminationProcess/downloads/id143c.pdf
Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) – Cell Radio Frequency (RF) Propagation AlgorithmAlgorithm that determines cell phone tower footprints, to select which can be used to send emergency messagesMight exclude geographical locations from receiving emergency messages, leading to the negative impact of loss of lifeSafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityJune 2014Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/WEA%20-%20TCS%20Final%20Report.pdf
Logical Response Aperture (LRA) Advanced Automated AnalyticsDetects malware and other "hostile activity against the networks of US government agencies and other protected entities"Mistakes can have negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityFebruary 2016Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/dpiac-report-2016-01-algorithmic-analytics_0.pdf
Intrusion Detection System (IDS)Detects threats to government networksMistakes can have negative impact by putting cybersecurity of government systems at riskCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoDepartment of Homeland SecurityJuly 2012Active useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/privacy/DPIAC/NCPS%20Overview_DPIAC_31OCT2012.pdf
Cost Estimating Guide for Road ConstructionCalculates the cost of building different types of roads, including labor costsMight fail to take in account specific costs, leading to negative impact upon the management of fundsManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceMarch 2013Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5279284.pdf
Cost Estimating Guide for Clearing and EarthworkCalculates the cost of clearing woods and digging projectsMight fail to take in account specific costs, leading to negative impact upon the management of fundsManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceFebruary 2009Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5247289.pdf
Ranking method for managing invasive plant speciesA decision matrix that takes into account the potential damage of a species and the potential for control of that speciesFailure to recommend apropriate action might lead to widespread environmental damage, a negative impact with high magnitudeManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceMarch 2011Active useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5309131.pdf
Hazard Tree Rating MethodScore that takes into account potential for tree failure (indicators that show danger of it collapsing) and potential for damage (potential for striking a target, potential for damaging a target, and target value)Can have a negative impact in peoples' lives by failing to accurately rate hazardous treesManagement; environmentUnited StatesFederalForest ServiceNoForest ServiceActive useNohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/r10/forest-grasslandhealth/?cid=fsbdev2_038339
Merit PromotionCalculation method to give department employees "an opportunity to receive fair, equitable, and appropriate consideration for higher level jobs"Might unfairly exclude appropriate candidates or generate negative impact by including inappropriate candidates for government promotionPersonnelUnited StatesFederalDepartment of AgricultureNoDepartment of AgricultureJuly 2002Active useNohttp://www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/merit_promotion.pdf
Listeria monocytogenes risk-based verification sampling algorithm Defines thresholds for sampling tests of meatsMight have a nagative impact of high magnitude by way of failing to inspect samples properly, which might lead to mass contaminationSafetyUnited StatesFederalFood Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)NoFood Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)May 2012Active useYeshttps://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/45800bd0-64f2-45c5-811c-e93f16797a1c/Updates-Lm-Verification-Sampling-Algorithm.pdf?MOD=AJPERES
Diagnosis and Treatment of Headache Diagnosis AlgorithmGuides treatment of headaches depending on symptomsMisapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)YesInstitute for Clinical Systems ImprovementJanuary 2006Endorsement for useNohttps://www.guideline.gov/algorithm/4769/NGC-4769_2.pdf
Phonetic Orthographic Computer Algorithm (POCA)Determines the orthographic and phonetic similarity between two drug names. Used to assess the safety, and feasibility of proposed proprietary drug names.Failure can cause negative impact of high magnitude by creating confusion among patients due to similar drug namesHealthUnited StatesFederalFood and Drug Administration (FDA)NoFood and Drug Administration (FDA)April 2015Active useYeshttps://www.healthdata.gov/dataset/poca-phonetic-orthographic-computer-algorithm
Commercial National Security Algorithm Suite (CNSA)Cryptographic algorithms created to be distributed to costumersMistakes can create negative impact by putting cybersecurity of private systems at risk and can generate controversy over the possibility of NSA creating backdoors to those algorithmsCybersecurityUnited StatesFederalNational Security Agency (NSA)NoNational Security Agency (NSA)November 2016Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.iad.gov/iad/programs/iad-initiatives/cnsa-suite.cfm
Automated Underreporter (AUR)Automated analysis and processing of potential underreported and/or over-deducted tax returnsMight have a negative impact of high magnitude by not flagging tax returns that should be audited, causing loss to the government. Could also be unfair to some contribuitorsManagement; taxesUnited StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)NoInternal Revenue Service (IRS)September 2016Active useYeshttps://www.irs.gov/irm/part4/irm_04-019-003r.html
Program Assessment Guide (PAG)Assess efficacy of government programs, using weighted scoring cardMight not identify failing programs, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of LaborNoDepartment of LaborAugust 2013Active useNohttp://www.jobcorps.gov/Libraries/pdf/pag.sflb
Gang Graffiti Automatic Recognition and Interpretation (GARI)Application which helps law enforcement and gang task force officers identify and interpret gang graffiti or tattoo images. It compares the image against an image database and provides details about the identity and meaning of the graffiti or tattooMight miss signals related to gangs, negatively impacting the police force. Also, might mistakingly identify tattoos as gang-related, causing harm to people who have them, potentially leading to controversySafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoPurdue UniversityJanuary 2014Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Enhancing%20Community%20Safety-Gang%20Graffiti%20Automatic%20Recognition%20and%20Interpretation%20System-GARI-Jan2014_2.pdf
Coast Guard Search and Rescue Visual Analytics (cgSARVA)"Assessment tool that helps Coast Guard decision-makers understand the risks associated with resource reallocation for search and rescue missions"Might prevent a mission from taking place, leading to the negative impact of endangering the lives of people who need assistance. Tool may also generate controversy
SafetyUnited StatesFederalDepartment of Homeland SecurityNoPurdue UniversityNovember 2013Endorsement for useYeshttps://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Enhancing%20the%20USCG%20Operational%20Effectiveness%20With%20COAST-Nov2013.pdf
SALT Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm for a Very Large Radiation EmergencyGuidelines for triage of victims of large radiation eventMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/salttriage.htm
Contamination: Diagnose/ManageGuidelines for treatment of victims of radiation eventMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/contamonly.htm
Exposure: Diagnose/Manage Acute Radiation SyndromeGuidelines for treatment of victims of Acute Radiation SyndromeMisapplication can generate negative impact by causing victims to not be treated properlySafetyUnited StatesFederalRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)NoRadiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM)December 2016Active use; endorsment of useNohttps://www.remm.nlm.gov/exposureonly.htm#skip
Automated Cropland Classification Algorithms (ACCA)Algorithm that classifies "agricultural cropland extent, areas, and characteristics (e.g. irrigated vs. rainfed) over large areas such as a country or a region through combination of multi-sensor remote sensing and secondary data"Errors in the algorithm may lead to miscalculation of important metrics for agricultural planning or lead to errors in judging crop yields, leading to negative impact of high magnitude to farmersManagement; agricultureUnited StatesFederalUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)NoUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)September 2012Active useNohttps://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70098947
Return Review Program"An automated system that will enhance the IRS’s capabilities to prevent, detect, and resolve criminal and civil tax noncompliance"Might not flag tax returns that should be audited, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagement; taxesUnited StatesFederalInternal Revenue Service (IRS)NoInternal Revenue Service (IRS)July 2015Potential useYeshttps://www.treasury.gov/tigta/auditreports/2015reports/201520060fr.html
Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA)Tool that, according to its documentation, "parameterizes, executes, and spatially visualizes" watershed runoff and erosion modelsMiscalculation of watershed runoff and erosion might lead to negative impact of losses for farmers and ineffective environmental actionEnvironmentUnited StatesFederalAgricultural Research Service (ARS)NoAgricultural Research Service (ARS)June 2004Active useYeshttp://www.tucson.ars.ag.gov/agwa/
Checklist for conflict sensitivity in education programsOffers a framework for analyzing aspects of education programs, with the objective to reduce conflict and tensions in USAID-run programsCan cause negative impact by failing to assess dangers in USAID programs, leaving workers at riskEducationUnited StatesFederalUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)NoUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID)November 2013Active useNohttps://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1865/USAID_Checklist_Conflict_Sensitivity_14FEB27_cm.pdf
Facility Risk Rating Model (FRRM)Identifies risks and vulnerabilities in postal facilitiesCan have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceDecember 2007Active useYeshttps://www.uspsoig.gov/sites/default/files/document-library-files/2015/SA-AR-08-003.pdf
Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)"A questionnaire designed to help assess the management and performance of programs. It is used to evaluate a program’s purpose, design, planning, management, results, and accountability to determine its overall effectiveness"Might not identify failing programs, causing the negative impact of monetary loss to the governmentManagementUnited StatesFederalOffice of Management and BudgetNoOffice of Management and BudgetOctober 2008Active useYeshttps://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/OMB/expectmore/part.html
Landslide Hazard Rating MatrixUsed to calculate the risk of landslides in highwaysCan have a negative impact in drivers' lives by failing to accurately flag landslide risksSafetyUnited StatesFederalFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)NoFederal Highway Administration (FHWA)December 2007Active useNohttps://ntl.bts.gov/lib/33000/33900/33985/Vol1LandslideHazardRatingMatrixDatabaseFinalReport.pdf
Site-ranking System (SRS)"Ranks hazardous chemical and radioactive waste sites by scoring important and readily available factors that influence risk to human health. Using SRS, sites can be ranked for purposes of detailed site investigations"Can have a negative impact in workers' lives by failing to accurately flag risks in facilitiesSafetyUnited StatesFederalSandia National LaboratoriesNoSandia National LaboratoriesMay 1988Active useNohttp://prod.sandia.gov/techlib/access-control.cgi/1986/862994.pdf
Major Hazard Risk Assessment (MHRA)Used to determine safety in minesCan have a negative impact in miners' lives by failing to accurately flag dangerous minesSafetyUnited StatesFederalCenters for Disease Control (CDC)NoCenters for Disease Control (CDC)October 2008Active useNohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/UserFiles/works/pdfs/2009-104.pdf
Project Scoring SheetScoring calculation to detemine need and value of renovating projects for Department of Interior structures and roadsMight lead to a negative impact of high magnitude in infrastructure. According to their own report, the Department "owns and operates over 110,000 buildings and structures, more than 100,000 miles of public roads." "These facilities serve nearly 479 million visitors annually"ManagementUnited StatesFederalDepartment of the InteriorNoDepartment of the InteriorActive useNohttps://www.doi.gov/sites/doi.gov/files/migrated/pam/programs/asset_management/upload/2016-Att-G-with-appendices.pdf
Statistical CAMELS Off-site Rating (SCOR) Designed to help identify institutions that have experienced noticeable financial deteriorationCan have a negative impact upon banks' clients and financial system as a whole by failing to detect financial deterioration in banksFinanceUnited StatesFederalFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)NoFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)Active useNohttps://www.fdic.gov/bank/analytical/banking/2003sep/2_15n3.pdf
Venous Thromboembolism Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis AlgorithmGuides treatment of pulmonary embolism depending on symptomsMisapplication can generate negative impact due to misdiagnosis and worsening of symptomsHealthUnited StatesFederalAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)YesInstitute for Clinical Systems Improvement, Inc.June 2007Endorsement for useNohttps://www.guideline.gov/algorithm/5885/NGC-5885_2.pdf
Emerging ClustersA "method for identifying emerging, high-impact technology clusters and trends based on patents, citations, co-citations, and clusters of patents" with the purpose of "fostering regional
innovation"
Failure to recognize emerging clusters of technology can negatively impact commercial strategy and harm the economy and competitiveness of the United StatesEconomicsUnited StatesFederalDepartment of CommerceNoDepartment of CommerceOctober 2007Active useYeshttps://www.ntis.gov/assets/pdf/Report-EmergingClusters.pdf
Lender Risk Rating SystemA tool to assist the Small Business Administration (SBA) in assessing the risk of each
active Lender’s and Certified Development Company’s (CDC’s) SBA loan operations and loan portfolio
Might lead to a negative impact on small businesses not being able to borrow money or it might lead to the government lending money to improper businessesFinanceUnited StatesFederalSmall Business Administration (SBA)NoSmall Business Administration (SBA)March 2010Active useYeshttps://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/files/lender_risk_rating_system.pdf
Automated detection of improper dataTools automatically detect data that is inapropriatly collected by the intelligence agency, such as data from American citizens without legal authorizationControversy might arise from the lack of clarity of the parameters for exclusion. Failure leads to negative impact by violating the privacy of citizensCybersecurity; privacyUnited StatesFederalNational Security Agency (NSA)NoNational Security Agency (NSA)October 2014Active useYeshttps://www.nsa.gov/about/civil-liberties/reports/assets/files/nsa_clpo_report_targeted_EO12333.pdf
Advanced Concepts & Performance Assessments MD71 programAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Aegis BMD Algorithm Development, Modeling & Simulation, Performance AnalysisAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Simultaneous Correlation of Unambiguous Tracks (SCOUT) AlgorithmAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Multi-Object Kill Vehicle - MOKV Engagement Management AlgorithmsAlgorithms that model ballistic missile simulation to analyze and improve ballistic defense systemsFailure can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via lack of proper defense of the U.S. against ballistic missiles, leading to mass casualtyDefenseUnited StatesFederalMissile Defense AgencyNoMissile Defense AgencyFebruary 2016Active useYeshttp://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/FY2017/budget_justification/pdfs/03_RDT_and_E/MDA_RDTE_MasterJustificationBook_Missile_Defense_Agency_PB_2017_1.pdf
Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Assessment Tool (ASA24)A food diary tool recommended to clinicians and patients. Users input meals consumed in a 24hr cycle and the tool returns data and analysis, including dietary recommendationsCan lead to negative impact on patients' lives, by suggesting improper dietsHealthUnited StatesFederalNational Cancer Institute (NCI)NoNational Cancer Institute (NCI)Endorsement of useYeshttps://epi.grants.cancer.gov/asa24/
Lease Risk ModelPredictive statistical model used to determine risk of fraud in lease contracts of facilitiesFailure to detect fraudulent leases can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact real-estate ownersYesUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceYesElder Research October 2013Active useYeshttps://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/2176909/Resources/Elder-Research-Case-Study-Lease-Renewal-Risk-Model-USPS-OIG.pdf
Claimant Risk Analysis ModelPredictive modeling used to identify workers’ compensation claims with high-risk of fraudFailure to detect fraudulent leases can lead to negative impact of high magnitude via monetary loss for the government. False positives can impact real-estate ownersYesUnited StatesFederalU. S. Postal ServiceNoU. S. Postal ServiceJuly 2013Active useYeshttp://docplayer.net/802084-Inspector-general-united-states-postal-service.html